G3 3 Samuel Grose Sullivan

This story is about Samuel Grose Sullivan, second son of Timothy Sullivan, born in Cornwall, who migrated to South Australia with his family in 1859. The story covers his family life and career in South Australia, and explores what sort of person he was.

G3    TS/ SAMUEL GROSE SULLIVAN (1846 - 1912)

Samuel Grose Sullivan was the third child of Timothy and Ellen Sullivan, who grew to adulthood in South Australia. 

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He was born on 14/05/1946 in St Ives Cornwall, the birth notification by Ellen suggesting father Timothy may have been at sea.

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The middle name “Grose” is being handed down from his maternal grandmother’s maiden name (Mary Grose) and then through his mother maiden name Ellen Grose Wearne. There is some suggestion that grose is an Anglicisation of the French “grosse” which in turn might point to Huguenot ancestry.

The next reference to Samuel is the Sullivan family’s arrival in  Pt Adelaide on 07/10 1859 aboard the Lady Ann (59/5) as Remittance Emigrants origin England, with Samuel 13 not yet consigned to an occupation. (1)

Next reference is from an obituary (2), which states that the family settled in Burra, Samuel joined the local Methodist church, and at age 19 (1865) preached his first sermon as a lay preacher.

Family Life 

The earliest reference to Samuel as an adult is his marriage to Lucy Ellen Hart of Kadina in Kadina   on 23/12/1872. The Wallaroo Times and Mining Journal eports Samuel as “late of Ballarat” but now Kadina. So all three of Timothy’s sons, John, Richard, and Samuel married in 1872.

The District Marriage Certificate (3) shows Samuel Sullivan 26, born St Ives Cornwall 14/05/1946,  marrying 23/12/1872 Lucy Ellen Hart 20 spinster of Kadina at her father’s house (Thomas Rusher Hart, Clerk of Courts Kadina),  Reverend A Stubbs officiating. Samuel’s profession is boot-maker. Both bride and groom are resident in Kadina but  Samuel is “late of Ballarat” but “now of Kadina.”  Mother Ellen, Timothy’s wife, signs as witness. The circumstances leading to the marriage, including how and where  Samuel met Lucy, are as yet unknown.

The conclusion is that Samuel went to the Victorian goldfields, possibly with, or to be with, his older brother John, sometime between 1866 and 1872. John had left Burra for the goldfields around 1866. (see G3 – John Sullivan) It is possible that Samuel was at John’s wedding in March 1872 in Ballarat where John married his cousin Mary Phillipps. If so he would have made the acquaintance of his 17 year old cousin Hannah Maria Phillipps, his future second wife.


BallaratManThe picture is from a Sullivan (descendant of Samuel) family photo album.

The picture was taken by Saul Solomon of Solomon and Bardwell Photographers, Sturt Street Ballarat. This studio  operated between 1863 and 1874 (rear of picture). As Samuel returned from Ballarat before his marriage in 1872, the conclusion is that the picture is of Samuel as a young man. (4)

Lucy Hart was born 17/02/1852 (3) in “The Murray District.” The Hart family was at Strathalbyn between 1854 and 1858, at Kapunda in 1860, and in Kadina in 1861 (3).

A son, Edgar Engedean, was born to Samuel, schoolteacher, residence Kadina, and Ellen on 26 /06 / 1874. (3)

Tragedy struck 4 months later with the death of wife Lucy Ellen aged 22 on 17/10/1874, cause pneumonia (3), with the Wallaroo Times of Saturday October 24 reporting:

Troubles never come singly. Mr TR Hart, (father in law), the highly respected Clerk of Courts of Kadina and Wallaroo is still dangerously ill at Kadina from paralysis of the left side. His daughter, married to Mr S.G. Sullivan, died on Saturday night, her last moments being disturbed by a seemingly drunken row in the adjacent house of Mrs Jacobs. Now, Mr Sullivan himself is so seriously indisposed as to render him unable to attend to his duties as a teacher.”

Thomas Rusher Hart, Clerk of Courts Kadina, died about 4 weeks later on 26/11/1874 aged 53, cause myelitis (inflammation of the spinal cord). (3)

The young son, Edgar Engedean Sullivan died another month later on 30/12/1874, cause atrophy/gastric catarrh. (3) Both mother and son are buried in the KadinaCemetery, path 28, blocks 82 and 84 respectively.

Samuel appears to have immersed himself in his teaching career for the next 4 years or so.

Then widower Samuel remarried on 18/07/1878, this time to younger cousin Hannah Maria Phillipps, in Ballarat. Timothy Sullivan “Roper” was listed as father and Ellen Wearne mother. Mother of the bride is Marry Anna Wearne, father John Phillipps, “Cooper”.

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Their first child Cecil Arthur Edgar Sullivan was born at Kadina on 06/05/1879 with father Samuel schoolmaster, and Richard Wearne Sullivan uncle as informant. (3)

Their second child, Hilda Marion Sullivan, was born at Kadina on 15/03/1881. (3)

The third child, second son Ernest Sullivan,was born at Kadina on 24/04/1883 with Samuel, teacher of Kadina as informant. (3)

A fourth child, Eric Wilfred Sullivan, was born at Kadina 10-03-1885 to Samuel, teacher, with Timothy Sullivan grandfather as informant. (3) Timothy’s signature is consistent with other earlier documents.

A fifth child, another son, Harold Spencer Sullivan, was born at Moonta Mines on 09-05-1887, to SGS schoolteacher Moonta Mines, informant (3) Sadly Harold died on 26-11-1888, died at Moonta Mines aged 18 months, cause diptheria. (3)  He is buried in the MoontaCemetery.

Elsie Millicent Sullivan, a second daughter, was born at Semaphore Rd 06/08/1890 to Samuel, head teacher and informant. (3)

Their youngest son, John Rundle Sullivan, was born 11/12/1892 at Robsart St Parkside, with mother Hannah as the informant. (3)

 

Working Life  (5), (6), (7), (8)

 It is reasonable to assume that Samuel spent the first ten years or so of his working life working in and/ or around mining operations. He came to South Australia as a 13 year old boy, but probably by the age of about 15 he would have been sent out to work associated with the Burra copper mine. Having left Burra for the Victorian goldfields it’s likely he worked there in either surface or shaft mining.

Somewhere during this time he must have been apprenticed to a boot-maker to learn the trade that he claimed on the wedding certificate for his first marriage. As his younger brother Richard was also a boot-maker it’s likely that Samuel did his apprenticeship in South Australia. However there is no record yet found of Samuel working at this profession.

At the time of his first marriage one of the great mysteries in Samuel’s career occurs. On the marriage certificate dated 23/12/1872 he records his occupation as boot-maker. (3) Yet on the 1st January 1873 some 8 days later the South Australian Education Department Official Teachers Record (5) shows Samuel Sullivan was appointed head teacher at the Kadina school. Where and how and when did Samuel gain the necessary qualifications and experience for this position?  And how was the setting up of what was essentially a private school funded?

Education in the first twenty years or so of the Colony was haphazard. Much education, as it was, took place in the home. Anybody could “keep school”; no certificate of proficiency was required; all that was needed was a sufficient number of scholars, some kind of building in which to house them, and basic educational rudiments like slates to write on. Initially the great handicap was that governments spent nothing on the education of the masses, and people on low incomes struggled to pay private school fees. With the South Australian population at the time largely emigrants seeking to better themselves, for these parents, children’s education was a high aspiration, and the demand for education was significant.

The Education Act of 1851 provided government assistance for private schools granted a licence by the Education Board. However the Board was only authorised by the Act to grant a licence and pay stipends to teachers at private schools once they had been established. The Board “though unable to initiate schools, are anxious to afford every encouragement in their power to residents to establish them in localities where they are required.” Often the local District Council took initial responsibility to establish a school.

The Central Board of Education statement for the last quarter of year 1873 shows that the Samuel Sullivan’s Kadina school building had been fully funded by “residents.” It is reasonable to assume there was some sort of trusteeship arrangement operating with the building funding and ownership. Now the Education Board requirement was that :

It is usual for teachers of vested  schoolhouses (which the Board had part funded) to be appointed by the trustees. In all cases, whether the school house is vested or otherwise, before any application for a licence to teach is entertained by the Board, a certificate is required to be furnished by the parents and residents of the locality for which the application is made, that the teacher seeking the licence is of correct moral character, and a fit and proper person to receive the assistance (stipend) granted to teachers under the Act. Under no circumstances is a teacher licensed without such certificate.” And furthermore:
Before a full licence is granted it is also required that the teacher shall undergo an examination in the subjects proscribed to be taught in the public schools and in school management.”
“No teacher shall be permanently appointed until he or she has passed an examination.”
“All candidates will be required to give practical proof of their skill in teaching and managing a class.”
“It is further required that the school of the applicant be visited by an inspector, and reported favourably as to its character, discipline and general utility.”

It is a matter of conjecture as to what extent Thomas Rusher Hart, Samuel’s new father-in-law, and “the highly respected Clerk of Courts of Kadina and Wallaroo” may have been instrumental in all of this. It was certainly to his advantage to secure the immediate future of his daughter and son-in-law as well as meeting community demand for education. It was then up to Samuel to “deliver the goods.”

The examination Samuel would have been required to pass involved the following:

“(a) Reading, writing (including copy-setting) and spelling.
 (b) Arithmetic (as far as decimal fractions)….Principles of mental arithmetic..
(c) English grammar and analysis of sentences.
(d) Composition. – A passage will be given to be paraphrased, and candidates will be required to write out the substance of a short narrative read aloud.
(e) Geography of the world generally, including the elements of physical geography.
(f) History of Great Britain.
(g) Principles of teaching….”

Samuel achieved his Central Board of Education Certificate, satisfying the examiners at the 3(a) level, later in 1873 (5). On 14 January 1874 the Wallaroo Times reported “The schoolroom was clean, and well ventilated, the scholars orderly, the supply of books excellent, and the whole arrangement reflects great credit to Mr and Mrs Sullivan and their assistant teachers.” Samuel’s career in children’s education was underway. So in the space of a little over 12 months the former boot-maker and spinster are jointly running a school of 150 pupils

The puzzle is where did Samuel himself learn? Preaching a sermon at age 19 would have certainly required reading and writing capability. If he was 13 when he left Cornwall he must have already acquired the essentials of an education. Possibly this may have been in some small (Methodist?) school. His parents would have played a significant role – we know that father Timothy could read and write.

The Board report for 1873 reported that the school should accommodate 126 students. Average attendance was actually 143, with over 300 children attending at some time or other during that year.  The school was in Ewing Street, and came to be known locally as the “Bursting at the Seams” school because it was – i.e. many students no doubt all eager to learn. Samuel was being paid a quite generous stipend of ₤100 annually.

The passing of the Education Act in 1875 made attendance compulsory for children between the ages of seven and thirteen, with fees ranging from fourpence to sixpence a week to part cover operating costs. In time opposition to compulsory education diminished from poor and illiterate or semi-literate parents. These people were usually eager for their children to have an advantage they themselves had missed. The great opponents were some employers of labour who feared reduced availability of cheap uneducated labour.

Even with the requirement for compulsory attendance in the early years after the passing of the Act, many children still failed to attend school. The appointment of truancy officers who had power to take court action against negligent parents resolved this issue within a few years.

After 2 years at Kadina, and less than two months after his wife’s death, the Teachers Record shows he was appointed Head Teacher at EastMoontaSchool commencing 01/01/1875. (5) Again is this was initially a licensed school, eventually becoming a public school. On February 26 that year, reported the Yorke Peninsula Advertiser, Schools Inspector Hosking recommended to the Board “that Mr Sullivan of Moonta is to be cautioned as to the number of pupils in his schoolroom, and be directed to either get a larger apartment or reduce the number of scholars.”

“The passing of the Education Act in 1875 settled the fate of most private schools, no matter how good they were. This Act empowered the Government to build public schools and to staff them with trained teachers. Attendance was compulsory for children between the ages of seven and thirteen, and fees ranged from fourpence to sixpence per week.” (7) Oswald Pryor – Australia’s Little Cornwall

On 04-09-1877 the Yorke Peninsula Advertiser reported on a visit to schools at Moonta Mines. “In the (Mr Sullivan’s) school we found about 260 children in attendance (out of about 300 on the roll) in a building whose internal dimensions were 40 feet by 33 feet. Cool as was the weather, it was quite necessary to have all the windows and doors open; the state of the atmosphere of the rooms in hot weather is almost as hard to conceive as to be borne.. We imply no blame on Mr Sullivan, he does the best that is possible to do; indeed the state of efficiency in which the school is kept under the circumstances is surprising. But what we have seen indicates the absolute necessity that exists for early occupation of the new Public Schools.”

Again, on 05-03-1878 the Yorke Peninsula Advertiser reported “The closing of the schools at Moonta Mines has had the effect of increasing the attendance at Mr Sullivan’s school at East Moonta. The number of pupils on the roll last month was 313, the average attendance being 243.”

Oswald Pryor writes “A few months later Sullivan’s private school also closed, but for a different reason. The principal had received a high appointment in the newly formed Education Department.” (7)

On 31-05-1878 appeared a “for sale” notice in the Yorke Peninsula Advertiser for “A schoolroom at East Moonta, well situated in a central position, and adapted for a private school. Apply to S G Sullivan near the Primitive Methodist Church, Moonta Mines.”

The Teachers Record shows Samuel was appointed Head Teacher at Kadina on 01-08-1878. (5) A nice wedding present after his second marriage to cousin Hannah Maria Phillipps in Ballarat two weeks previously. It’s interesting that Hannah Maria listed her profession as schoolmistress on the marriage certificate. (See above.)

It’s uncertain whether Samuel’s return to Kadina was to the previous school he’d left in 1875. But wherever the old school was it was overcrowded. “When the Government did finally relent in mid 1878, the Corporation willingly provided two acres of parklands fronting Sophia Tce, for the purpose (of building a new school.). The fact that Mr Samuel Sullivan’s Private School was bursting at the seams (245 children in a building suitable for only 100) probably had some bearing on the decision to build a new school.” (8)

“(The new) School opened December 9th 1879. Samuel G Sullivan was the first Principal, who originally taught at the ‘Bursting at the Seams’ school at Kadina in 1873, and  who had returned to take the helm of the new school. Built to accommodate 250 pupils, the new school had 360 students in the first year and extra rooms were added in 1881 and 1883. The Principal’s residence was built in 1883, ….. and in 1884 the yard was asphalted.” (8)  The Yorkes Peninsula Advertiser reported on 27-12-1879 “S.G. Sullivan, Head Teacher Kadina (old school) to be Head Teacher Kadina (new school).” Samuel was to remain at Kadina for the next 7 years.

At the presentation of prizes at Kadina Public in December 1982, the Wallaroo Times reported the Acting Chairman of the Board of Advice’s remarks regarding the Head Teacher:

The Kadina public were exceedingly fortunate in having such an efficient teacher as Mr Sullivan at the head of their public school. He was everything that could be desired as a teacher. … “ 

“There was one feature which he was particularly pleased with and that was the morale of the school. The public of Kadina had indeed great cause for thankfulness that they possessed such a teacher.” 

“The chairman informed them that those in the Education Department in Adelaide had a very high estimate of the school, as being one that generally took highest honours in the colony. At the last examination the very good average of 83.88% was attained, and the Inspector General had expressed himself to the effect that the result as a whole was highly satisfactory.”

The Yorkes Peninsula Advertiser reported on 13-04-1886;

Considerable speculation has been indulged in of late amongst the teachers as to who would be the fortunate successor of the head teacher of the Moonta Mines school. It is well known that the position is one of the plums of the profession, and consequently the applications were said to be numerous. …On Friday afternoon the Chairman of the Moonta Board of Advice received a letter informing him that Mr Sullivan of Kadina had been appointed to the position. Mr Sullivan has a good record at Kadina, and his appointment to the larger school should give general satisfaction.”

At the age of 40, Samuel might have had mixed feelings about the promotion to Head Master at one of the most prestigious schools in the colony.. His 5 children had been born during his tenure. At a ceremony on his departure from Kadina in April 1886, the Wallaroo Times reported:

The Chairman of the Board of Advice said … Mr Sullivan…had always done his duty, and he was sure he had won a place in all their hearts….He was pleased that Mr Sullivan through his conduct had been promoted to one of the best schools in the colony  …. He had heard members of the Board speak well of Mr Sullivan, not only as a good man, but an able scholar, and a careful and painstaking teacher.” 

The address from the teachers was as follows;- “we, the teachers of the Kadina Public School, express our deep sorrow at losing you as the head teacher of this school, inasmuch as we have always found you to be  a kind, courteous and considerate master…..we can testify that you have always taken a deep interest in our welfare, morally as well as professionally, and the benefits we have derived therefrom will not be forgotten.”

 Mr Sullivan remarked “that he left Kadina School , with which he had been associated for so many years, with regret – regret at the many happy days he had spent amongst them, for he would not experience greater kindness than that showed by those now present.””

Samuel remained as Head Master at the Moonta Mines Model School until 1989, when he was appointed Head Master of the LeFevre Public  School at Semaphore in Adelaide. (5) Inspection reports during his tenure at Moonta Mines showed continuous improvement, and performance was rated as “very good” in 1888.

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Photo B21315 Courtesy State Library of South Australia.

Moonta School Staff 1887

Headmaster Mr S.G. Sullivan is front row centre, a dapper looking gentleman indeed!

He took up the headmastership of LeFevre Peninsula School in January 1889, and in the next three years again improved school performance. (5)

In January 1891 at the age of 45 he was transferred to the headmastership of the ParksideSchool. Samuel remained at Parkside for the next 17 years until January 1907 when he was transferred to his last position, headmaster of the UnleySchool. Where Samuel’s children were mainly born during his tenure at Kadina, the children had their public school education at Parkside. The Parkside attendance records show Cecil (06/05/1879) 2683, Hilda Marion (15/03/1881) 2684, Ernest (26/04/1883) 2685 and Eric Wilfred (10/03/1885) 2686 were all enrolled on 19-01-1991. Elsie was enrolled on 01-10-1895 (4451) and left in 1905 after two years each in grades 5 and 6, having reached the maximum age. (9)

Samuel appears to have been a man who believed education was a pathway to advancement in South Australia’s aspirational society. He himself had benefitted from an education in being able to enter and then progress in his teaching profession. All his children with the exception of Elsie were sent to prestigious private schools for further education on completion of their time in the public school system (see PAC Connection).

Samuel’s last position was as headmaster of the UnleySchool from January 1907 when he was 60, until his death in March 1912. (5) His Teachers Record shows that over the latter part of his career his annual salary rose from ₤370 at Parkside to ₤450 at Unley. In his final years the School Inspector’s comments included compliments such as:

Excellent tone, vivacity and vigour”;
“Earnest, progressive methods, organised;”
“Vigorous;”
“Systematic, thorough, modern ideas, progressive, good organiser..”

Commenting on his death in the Peoples Weekly, Moonta, on 9th March, the Director of Education (Mr A. Williams) said that “Mr Sullivan was held in high esteem by the officers of the department, and was spoken of in affectionate regard by all associated with him. His death is a great loss to the Department. He was a man of such kindly bearing that all who came into contact with him grew to love him”

His district inspector wrote of him:“The Education Department has lost a most valuable and trustworthy teacher, who, ever since 1874, has carried out all the duties entrusted to him with considerable credit to himself and the very great benefit of the pupils who came under his influence. He possessed many qualities which endeared him to all with whom he was connected, both in official circles and among his personal friends and acquaintances. His kindness of heart, sympathy and nobleness of character caused him to be beloved by all the children and scholars who had the privilege of being educated by him; while his gentlemanly demeanour, coupled with his strict yet mild disciplinary qualities, enabled him to secure perfect obedience, side by side with cheerful industry and a spirit of happy mental endeavour.”

In the report of Samuel’s funeral the Daily Herald of March 4 noted:“Mr. Sullivan was one of the old school of headmasters, and had been in charge of schools in various parts of the State for many years. He was appointed to the Unley School in the beginning of 1907, after having been in charge at Parkside for years. He would also be remembered by many as the master of the Kadina School. His health had not been good for some time past, and his death was not entirely unexpected. The funeral yesterday afternoon, when the remains were interred in the Glen Osmond Cemetery, was attended by a large number of representative citizens, including headmasters and teachers of the various schools, as well as the Director of Education. Notwithstanding the intense heat a large number of children, scholars of the Unley School, made their way to the cemetery. The funeral service was conducted by the Rev.Winter (Anglican), who in the course of a brief address referred to the many sterling qualities displayed by the late head master, as well as to the valuable services he had rendered to the community in his capacity as a teacher and trainer of the children.”

 Eric Sullivan (deceased), a grandson of Samuel, recounted meeting a former pupil, by then elderly, who commented: “ You couldn’t lie to him. When he looked at you with his piercing eyes it was like he was looking right through you.”

Living Arrangements 

In contrast to his father Timothy whose residences and addresses are unknown, a great deal is known about where Samuel lived, mainly through the generosity of the Education Department in providing residences attached to the School for head teachers and head masters.

Samuel was born and spent his boyhood in St Ives Cornwall, and his residence (as listed in the 1851 UK Census) (11) was in Back Street, although the number is unknown.

Samuel commenced married life in Kadina . The Kadina Rates Assessment Records (12) for 1874 show a Mr Sullivan living in Ewing St, the same street as the “Bursting at the Seams” school. This is most likely to have been Samuel, as brother Richard is more likely to have been at the goldfields.

His residence whilst at the East Moonta school is unknown, but as a widower he could have boarded.

In 1878 on his return to Kadina the Rates Assessment shows “Mr Sullivan” living in Taylor St, and Mr Samuel Sullivan at the same address in 1879. In 1881 Samuel had moved to a dwelling in Christie St, and in 1883 he would have moved into the new Principals Residence constructed on the School Grounds in Sophia Terrace. The Sands directory has Sophia Terrace as his address in 1885 and 1886. (13)

On his promotion to the Moonta Mines Model School in 1887 the Family would have lived in the Headmasters Residence next to the School, shown below in 2009, together with school, both now deserted.

                            

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At Le Fevre School Samuel would have lived at the residence on Semaphore Rd. 

At Parkside he lived for some years at the Headmasters Residence in Robsart St in the school grounds, now the “Oliphant Room,” as shown above. Youngest son John Rundle was born at this address, and also the  Sands directory listed the same address as their residence.   

In 1899 the family moved out of the Robsart St residence in the Parkside School to John St, Fullarton Estate (13). At that time Wattle St ran east from Unley Rd to Fullarton Rd, and the extension through to Glen Osmond Rd was known as John St. The name was changed to Wattle St a few years later. Checking the Sands Directory for 1901 shows Samuel Sullivan living in the first house in from Glen Osmond Rd on the Southern side. Unfortunately the building has been demolished and the site is now the rear end of a Porsche dealership. Sadly older daughter Hilda Marion died at the age of 19 whilst    the family was at John St.

In 1904 the family moved a few hundred metres down Wattle St towards Unley to number 29. This elegant villa, still standing, was their final home until Samuel’s death in 1912. This must have given Samuel and Hannah much satisfaction as the end of the long climb from their humble beginnings. Their aspirations for self improvement, perhaps handed down from father Timothy, are reflected in their property ownership and Samuel’s position and standing iSouth Australian society and the education community.

Hannah advertised in March 1904 for “a good general servant wanted for Wattle Street Fullarton Estate”. By this time Samuel’s mother Ellen was living with them, and she died at Wattle St in 1904.

The first photo below shows Hannah and Elsie on the Wattle St house verandah, and the second, somewhat later, shows a by now elderly Samuel, again with Hannah and Elsie.

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Photos courtesy of R Sullivan collection.

 

SamuelstoneSamuel died at Wattle St on 01-03-1912. His death certificate gives cause of death as pernicious anaemia. (3) 

His Teachers Record (5) shows he took sick leave for two months in mid 1911, so he must have anticipated his death once a diagnosis was made. Several of the newspaper notices regarding his death noted “he had been in indifferent health for some time.”

Knabe was the undertaker.

In his will dated about 12 months before his death he left his entire estate to his wife Hannah Maria. (14) Also prior to his death, Samuel transferred ownership of Wattle St to his wife Hannah Maria.

He is buried in the little cemetery adjacent to St Saviour’s church Glen Osmond, along with other members of his family.  

Photo courtesy of R Sullivan collection.

 

 A Man of Faith

The records show Samuel to have had a strong Christian faith within the Wesleyan Methodist tradition.

We know that during his childhood years in St Ives Samuel would have been exposed to Wesleyan Methodism in its various forms. Given his father’s absence for much of the time at sea, his mother Ellen was probably the most important influence over his Christian upbringing.

His Church Times obituary notes “the family settled in Burra and joined the Methodist church in that town. Under the ministry of the late Dr Stephens, Samuel commenced to preach when he was 19 years of age.”

The obituary continued: “In the different parts of the state to which his labours called him many lives have been blessed by his helpful ministrations. His sermons, being always carefully crafted and full of …strongest but while it vibrated with sympathy and tenderness for the erring weak, there was no possibility of mistaking the tone of earnest conviction when he denounced that which is sinful and degrading. Many today thank God for the influence which has been brought into their lives by the words of our departed brother.”

The scans below express appreciation for Samuel’s ministry whilst headmaster at the LeFevre Peninsula School on Semaphore Rd.

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The obituary appearing in the Adelaide papers went on:

The funeral service was conducted by the Rev. Winter (Anglican) who in the course of a brief address referred to the many sterling qualities displayed by the late headmaster, as well as the valuable services he had rendered to the community in his capacity as a teacher and trainer of children. As an active member of the Methodist church he had worthily fulfilled his duties…. At the invitation of the Rev. Winter, the Rev. R. W. Jeffries (Parkside Methodist) briefly referred to the late gentleman’s connection with that church and expressed sympathy with those who were bereft.”

Again, from the Church Times obituary:

In most cases his deeds of goodness were only known to the recipient and himself. Reserved in disposition and shrinking from every appearance of ostentation and publicity, he helped the poor, showing the erring one that someone cared for him, and ministered to the needy in secret. No reward seeker was he; his delight was in seeing the amelioration which he brought to the burdened and the sad.” 

References

(1)        Lady Ann 1859 – The Ships List    http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/ladyann1859.shtm.

(2)        Church Times. Original newspaper clipping held by R Sullivan

(3)        Microfilm of District Certificate - held by South Australian Genealogy & Heraldry Society

(4)        Collection of R Sullivan

(5)        Transcript of Teachers Record for S.G. Sullivan http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/research/condon/teachers/Teachers.asp?TeacherID=

(6)        Central Board of Education Report. 1873 Last Quarter. Copy held by South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society.

(7)        “Australia’s Little Cornwall” written by Oswald Pryor.

(8)        Copper City Chronicle” written by Keith Bailey.

(9)        Microfilm of Parkside School Attendance Records held by South Australia Genealogy and Heraldry Society.

(10)      UK 1841 Census  HO 107/144/5

(11)      UK 1841 Census HO 107/144/6

(12)      Kadina Rates Assessments – SA State Records GRS 14408 Sub Series 0001 Unit 1 

(13)      Sands and Macdougalls South Australian Directories online at http://guides.slsa.sa.gov.au/content.php?pid=366485&sid=3000163 .

(14)      SG Sullivan Will – copy held by R Sullivan